South Africa: Research and Legislation on Human Trafficking Obtaining statistics on the number of victims of child trafficking and their gender, age and nationality is complicated by the ‘underground and hidden’ nature of the phenomenon (Tyldum & Brunovskis, 2005, p. 18; UNESCO, 2007, p. 19). 0000152548 00000 n x��Wmlu��u[W�m�8�A��p[g)$$%N��ֵl�n�mu �V�K�pT�2? 348 77 0000159170 00000 n Trafficking is both trans-national and intra-national. In September 2020, a video of a man trying to kidnap a kid in the Roodepoort area, Johannesburg, went viral. Human Trafficking can include, but does not require movement/change of location. UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons South Africa is a signatory to the 2000 United Nations’ Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially of Women and Children. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. 0000003706 00000 n 0000012449 00000 n 0000005242 00000 n Seventy-nine percent of all global trafficking is for sexual exploitation.2 SEX TRAFFICKING IN SOUTH AFRICA In 2003, South Africa established the Human Trafficking Desk within the Organized Crime Unit (OCU) of the South … SOUTH AFRICA’S APPRO. Central Africa Trafficking is often linked to West Africa as origin or destination, as in the case of child trafficking networks (U.S. DOS, 2010), yet also to South Africa and Europe; Trafficking cases from Cameroon were reported to Switzerland and South Africa, whereas the DRC is a country of origin for trafficking 0000152029 00000 n South Africa has in place institutions and programs whose functions include providing training to government officials that deal with human trafficking issues. 0000019242 00000 n 0000104982 00000 n Child <<315866638E9B154F99435C659FA61F28>]>> 0000014491 00000 n This paper is part of the NEXUS Institute and IOM Human Trafficking Research Series. 0000111237 00000 n collecting data on victims of trafficking in per-sons in South Africa, not all cases of trafficking brought to the attention of the police are referred to IOM. The worldwide epidemic of trafficking in persons continues to be a global problem each year, 1. despite the creation and ratification in 2000 of the United Nations Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. contemporary trafficking in human beings, specifically children. South Africa ratified the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (commonly referred to as the “Palermo Protocol”) which obliged Parliament to pass legislation that deals with all forms of Trafficking in Persons. 0000014384 00000 n First, the purpose of writing this article is stated. %PDF-1.4 %���� Donate . 0000017141 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n 0000091881 00000 n 0000109668 00000 n 0000110759 00000 n 0000165642 00000 n Current Patterns of Child Trafficking in West and Central Africa Although, child trafficking is a global problem, the practice is particularly widespread in some regions. In Africa, trafficking patterns seem to run from North to South. startxref In this section a distinction is made between involuntary and voluntary prostitution. Human Trafficking in South Africa: Root Causes and ReCommendations In South Africa, women and children make up the vast majority of the human trafficking chain whether for sexual exploitation or other forms of forced la-bour. 0000005613 00000 n South Africa launches Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons National Policy Framework. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA . 0 Human trafficking has been on the rise globally, and Africa has been an integral part of the worldwide market in human beings. 0000159144 00000 n 0000003578 00000 n 0000110828 00000 n It has hosted a number of events, made submissions and provided expert testimony on human SUPERVISOR: PROF L JORDAAN . 0000159556 00000 n that of human trafficking for various exploitative purposes? 0000004619 00000 n Office no: +27 81 720 7181 0000134076 00000 n 0000164235 00000 n Human Trafficking in South Africa: A broad overview Human trafficking is by no means a recent phenomenon in South Africa and has shown to be an emergent property of the country’s past and present deep and dense structural inequalities. 0000092259 00000 n by . 0000005145 00000 n 0000004485 00000 n DOCTOR OF LAWS . trailer at the . 0000134918 00000 n JUNE 2013 Generally, South African girls are trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and domestic servitude, while boys are used for street vending, food service, and agriculture. ZZZ VRDV DF XN KXPDQ ULJKWV ODZ The Centre for Human Rights Law, SOAS, University of London, provides a forum for scholarship and collaborative approaches on human rights law in practice. ACH TO THE GLOBAL HUMAN TRAFFICKING CRISIS: AN ANALYSIS OF THE PROPOSED LEGISLATION AND THE PROSPECTS OF IMPLEMENTATION . 0000009784 00000 n 0000161076 00000 n As it relates to South Africa, human trafficking is not a foreign or imported phenomenon. 0000055958 00000 n One case alleged rape of a minor. Human trafficking in South Africa occurs as a practice of forced labour and commercial sexual exploitation among imported and exported trafficked men, women, and children. @ iLP�b��1z33.|���a���hL�Fb|�zm�ʵ�7/i����. Human trafficking, sexual exploitation, a girl and child trafficking are defined. 0000005351 00000 n vi TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS, ESPECIALLY WOMEN AND CHILDREN, IN AFRICA Box 4 The South African experience 33 Box 5 The young face of NEPAD36 Box 6 ECOWAS Declaration and Plan of Action against trafficking in persons 37 Box 7 The African Committee on the Rights and the Welfare of the Child 38 0000060223 00000 n xref Aggregated statistics on both trafficking in persons and missing persons must be released annually, and research should be undertaken to establish how these phenomena, South Africa remains a primary source, destination, and transit country for human trafficking. SOUTH AFRICA 3 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2019 United States Department of State • Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor exploitation (e.g., exploitative relationships, involving one peacekeeper and one victim and transactional sex, involving three peacekeepers and three victims). CAMBODIAN MEN TRAFFICKED TO SOUTH AFRICA 2014. victims of trafficking in South Africa are South Africans. 0000111209 00000 n 0000160440 00000 n implemented for human trafficking prevention. the Horn of Africa, SIHA is now comprised of close to 75 members. It can be said that it has been around, here in South Africa and the region, taking place since even before the era of colonialism and the Trans Atlantic slave trade. 0000009570 00000 n 0000052524 00000 n 0000105824 00000 n 0000129213 00000 n 0000092012 00000 n The forms of human trafficking found in South Africa include sex trafficking, child labour, domestic servitude, organ smuggling, child-brides (ukuthwala), illegal child adoptions, debt-bondage, forced surrogacy, and the use of body parts for muti. Concept Clarification Human Trafficking In a U.N. Protocol, (South Africa. %%EOF This is a result of push factors that are rooted in poverty, inequality, dis- I. I. NTRODUCTION. 0000009673 00000 n NINA MOLLEMA . Investigating the combating of human trafficking from a legal perspective is a relatively new research field in South Africa. 0000162828 00000 n Human Trafficking in Africa By Tom Obokata Edited by Charles C. Jalloh , Florida International University , Kamari M. Clarke , University of California, Los Angeles , Vincent O. Nmehielle 0000167177 00000 n It did not arrive with the World Cup. 0000159530 00000 n 0000090731 00000 n Even worse, experts say parents often play a role in the modern-day slavery of their own babies and children. 0000167107 00000 n 0000091573 00000 n The latest news on human trafficking in South Africa involved an influential TV presenter and DJ, Lerato Kganyago. Human trafficking has been in existence from time immemorial, and South Africa presents the ideal climate for the crime to continue flourishing. 0000110510 00000 n in South Africa TRAFFICKERS AND TRAFFICKING. Therefore, this study, having identified the gap in research on the current South African legal response to combating human trafficking, strives to make a ... SOUTH AFRICA. 0000160053 00000 n You can download the paper by clicking the button above. 0000010062 00000 n 0000091799 00000 n 0000014865 00000 n Here in West Africa, millions of youth are affected by this brutal, entrenched trade. •They are aware that trafficking is not limited to poor people (57%) •82.6% and 71% believe people are more likely to be trafficked for ritual and medical organ removal than labour trafficking in fisheries (56%) or sweat shops (63.2%). Next, three pieces of pending South African legislation dealing with trafficking in persons will be analyzed. It did not even only arrive 2 or 3 years ago. submitted in accordance with the requirements . 0000008452 00000 n South Africa does not have a legal definition of human trafficking, either in the common law or in statute. United Nations, 2000) human trafficking is defined as: “The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of A brief analysis of the human trafficking situation and response in South Africa. 0000001836 00000 n Finally, proposals to improve that 0000161421 00000 n 0000106632 00000 n for the degree of. Top 10 Facts about Human Trafficking in South Africa Trafficking in South Africa is on the ris e. At a press conference in 2018, Lt. Col. Parmanand Jagwa, the Hawks Gauteng coordinator of the illegal migration desk, and deputy director Rasigie Bhika said that human trafficking was a “growing activity” in the region. COMBATING HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN SOUTH AFRICA: A COMPARATIVE LEGAL STUDY . 0000005192 00000 n 424 0 obj<>stream To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND HUMAN RIGH TS VIOLATIONS IN SOUTH AFRICA 511 (Palermo Protocols) to UNTOC in the year 2000.3 The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women 0000003422 00000 n Driving the trade is the demand for commercial sexual exploitation. 0000008994 00000 n 0000011549 00000 n This ... human trafficking emerged from the accounts of the men interviewed in these studies. 0000008631 00000 n making a devastating comeback: the sickness called human trafficking. 0000167248 00000 n Lerato has been criticized for exaggerating the level of this crime in South Africa without valid evidence. The overview will comprise trafficking in Africa, southern Africa, and South Africa. South Africa is a hotbed for the billion dollar human trafficking industry. Human trafficking, the third largest international crime, following illegal drugs and arms trafficking, is believed to be worth billions of dollars each year. 0000015118 00000 n 0000009314 00000 n 0000004754 00000 n 0000160738 00000 n 0000017230 00000 n Within the SADC countries, South Africa is … 0000135165 00000 n 0000111311 00000 n 0000091935 00000 n 3. As a result the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Act 7 of 0000141252 00000 n 0000167049 00000 n 0000007255 00000 n 0000059255 00000 n Countries in western and central Africa are most often originating countries, and those in the south and east are transit or destination countries. South Afr ica Institutional framework South Africa established specific offences to criminalize trafficking for sexual exploitation and child trafficking for a wide range of pur-poses. 348 0 obj <> endobj #Stillnotfound: Missing Children in South Africa, The Nature and Future of Human Trafficking in South Africa, Investigating Human Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation: From 'Lived Experiences' Towards a Complex Systems Understanding, Serious Concerns Regarding the Decriminalisation of Adult Prostitution in South Africa, Contextualizing the practice of Ukuthwala within South Africa. Depending on the circumstances of a particular case, there are a number of offences in terms of which a person or persons suspected of being involved in the trafficking of persons for the purposes of sexual exploitation may be charged. 0000088747 00000 n Africa and South Asia (especially the Mekong Area) are among the worst. 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