Let us know in the comments. During this short-lived event, the planet crossed in front of the star. SOFIA's telescope saw first light on May 26, 2010, returning images showing M82's core and heat from Jupiter's formation escaping through its cloud cover. The focal point of the telescope is, however, housed in the pressurized section of the plane. Get the latest updates on NASA missions, watch NASA TV live, and learn about our quest to reveal the unknown and benefit all humankind. The telescope onboard this special aircraft is a 2.5m reflector telescope, with a 2.7m primary mirror. Print Your Own 3D SOFIA Model. Have you ever seen SOFIA? Sofía Suescun ha vuelto a compartir con sus seguidores unas imágenes de lo más sexys…. SOFIA is not a new aircraft. The program is managed at NASA's Dryden Aircraft Operations Facility in Palmdale, Calif., where the aircraft is based. (NASA / Tom Tschida) › View Larger Image SOFIA is also a cutting-edge laboratory for the development and testing of astronomical instrumentation and detector technology by scientists at NASA centers, universities and colleges across the country. In addition, instruments like EXES (Echelon-Cross-Echelle Spectrograph) as introduced in Richter et al. April 2012 We use ads to keep our content free. The Boeing 747 is an iconic aircraft, and the 747SP holds a special place in many an avgeek’s heart. This allows it to be opened in flight to allow the telescope access to the sky. The purpose of SOFIA Is to provide us with never before seen observations of space. Sign up to our daily aviation news digest. Although the aircraft may sometimes experience turbulence, the telescope has been designed to not be affected by this, as its mountings allow it to ‘float’ and avoid the bumps on board. As the world's largest flying observatory, NASA's Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, or SOFIA, is a unique space-science asset. But unlike a space telescope, SOFIA can easily come back down to Earth for repairs. For this, NASA enlisted the help of Raytheon, a specialist intelligence and information company headquartered in Dulles, Virginia. It is the successor to Kuiper, NASA’s previous airborne space observatory which was retired in 1995. Photo: The green light on the control panel shows the pilots that SOFIA's door is still open. SOFIA also has observed the occultation of a star by the dwarf planet Pluto. SOFIA is an 80/20 partnership of NASA and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), consisting of an extensively modified Boeing 747SP aircraft carrying a 2.7-meter (106 inch) reflecting telescope (with an effective diameter of 2.5 meters or 100 inches). Sustained science operations are scheduled to begin in late 2014. Get the latest updates on NASA missions, watch NASA TV live, and learn about our quest to reveal the unknown and benefit all humankind. SOFIA made its first official science flight on Nov. 30, 2010. The new image the team created shows how SOFIA's work complements the observations of other telescopes. It looks out of … SOFIA’s telescope is usually referred to as a 2.5-meter meter telescope, rather than 2.7 meters, because the optical design requires that only about 90% of the mirror’s reflecting surface (called the "effective aperture") can be used at any one time. SOFIA's telescope is a delicate gadget, so getting the door closed again is critical. These can see details about three tenths of an arc second. Unparalleled astronomical science capabilities The Orion star-formation complex was taken by the SOFIA telescope using the FORCAST mid-infrared camera. SOFIA continues the legacy of prominent planetary scientist Gerard Kuiper, who championed airborne astronomy in 1968 using a 12-inch telescope aimed through a window of a converted Learjet. (NASA/SOFIA/USRA/FORCAST Team) › View Larger Image Flying at altitudes of between 39,000 to 45,000 feet (12 – 14 kilometers) and above 99 percent of the water vapor in the atmosphere, SOFIA facilitates observations that are unobtainable from telescopes on the ground. Turning SOFIA's telescope to the moon in 2018, the research team picked out two sunlit surfaces: one at high latitudes near Clavius crater and one that was closer to the equator. The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, more concisely named by its acronym SOFIA, is a joint project between NASA and the German Aerospace Center (DLR). SOFIA, when cruising at around 40,000 – 45,0000 feet, flies above this vapor, allowing for crisp, clear images of space as seen in the infrared spectrum. Here’s what you need to know about the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, also known as SOFIA. The Swan Nebula, located around 5,000 light-years away, is thought to be the core of the Milky Way, and was observed in full infrared color and  in amazing detail, thanks to SOFIA. "First light," the first time the telescope collected astronomical data, was achieved on May 25, 2010. Information on the SOFIA instruments may be found on their respective instrument overview … Raytheon began work on the adaptation of SOFIA back in 1998. It arrived with NASA in October 1997, and has even had its original name restored to its fuselage – Clipper Lindbergh. The image is a composition of infrared data that was captured over the course of eight different SOFIA flights and then woven together with additional infrared data from other telescopes… EXES: Echelon-Cross-Echelle Spectrograph FIFI-LS: Field Imaging Far-Infrared Line Spectrometer FORCAST: Faint Object InfraRed CAmera for the SOFIA Telescope FPI+: Focal Plane Imager GREAT: German Receiver for Astronomy at Terahertz Frequencies HAWC+: High-resolution Airborne Wideband Camera. By then, this grand old 747SP will be well over half a century old. The SOFIA is a joint program of NASA and the German Aerospace Center (DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt). The completion of these tasks will result in sustained use of the observatory for many years to come, enabling infrared astronomy of the highest caliber. SOFIA captures images of space at an altitude of 38,000–45,000 feet. Â, SOFIA - NASA's Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy. Providing commentary for outlets including the BBC, CNBC, and others, she works closely with IATA, AviaDev and various airlines and suppliers to get the inside track on the global marketplace. This is a redirection page In case the javascript redirection does not work, please click on the link below: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/SOFIA/index.html SOFIA's Airborne Astronomy Ambassadors program gives middle- and high-school teachers and science museum educators hands-on experience in scientific and astronomical research as they work with scientists during missions on the flying observatory. SOFIA features a German-built far-infrared telescope with an effective diameter of 100-inches (2.5 meters). Leading up to that milestone, SOFIA will undergo alternating periods of science flights and long-term development of the observatory, including installation of upgraded software and hardware control systems, commissioning of science instruments, avionics modernization and routine maintenance of the aircraft. Recent test results indicate that the SOFIA telescope optics are of better quality than the initial requirement 3 , but image motion at first light is expected to be approximately 2 arcsec rms 4. Because SOFIA can fly virtually anywhere in the world, change instruments between flights, and implement new capabilities, it provides greater adaptability than any space-based telescope. The FORCAST instrument collected data on a number of celestial targets including Comet Hartley, the star-forming nebulae Messier 42 in the Orion constellation and massive clouds of interstellar gas and dust in which hundreds of stars are forming such as W3 IRS5 and Sharpless 140. Educators take what they learn during their SOFIA training and flights back to their classroom and their communities to improve curricula and generate interest in STEM-related courses and careers. The resulting dip in the brightness of the star allowed astronomers to determine the structure of Pluto's atmosphere. The SOFIA FORCAST mosaic (color) is superimposed on a star field image from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. One of the major modifications carried out to the SP was the installation of a 5.5m tall, 4.1m wide sliding door in the aircraft’s fuselage. Its seven first-generation instruments, including cameras, spectrographs and a high-speed photometer, together with its future-generation instruments, will enable a wide variety of astronomical science observations. The telescope onboard this special aircraft is a 2.5m reflector telescope, with a 2.7m primary mirror. For a start, its full of scientists and has an almost 20-ton telescope in the back. The next best telescopes are the Keck Telescopes in Hawaii and some telescopes in Chile. For the avgeeks, it’s already exciting, as it’s the rare and unusual SP version, a shorter model often used for VIP services. The telescope itself is located behind a pressurized bulkhead, so that the rest of the cabin can remain pressurized for the comfort of the scientists on board. Preliminary scientific operations with the observatory began in 2010, providing astronomers with early access to the visible, infrared and sub-millimeter wavelength bands with optimized performance in the mid-infrared to sub-millimeter range. A modified Boeing 747 aircraft opens a hatch during flight to reveal a large, 2.7-meter reflecting telescope. With the help of the staff of the NASA Ames SpaceShop Rapid Prototyping Facility, the SOFIA mission team created an eight-piece, 3D-printable model of the modified 747SP aircraft, its telescope and cabin. The observatory operates at altitudes between 12 and 14 km. Most of the seats on SOFIA have been removed, although it can still carry around 20 people on its scientific flights. NASA's airborne observatory, SOFIA, is a Boeing 747SP fitted with a 20,000 kg, 2.5 meter diameter infrared telescope. SOFIA’s image size and image jitter goals are derived from a diffraction limited image for wavelengths beyond 25 μ m (1st goal). The 747SP was originally delivered to Pan American World Airways on the 6th May 1977, and was passed over to United Airlines on the 13th of February 1986. Just like Kuiper did, SOFIA has been created to undertake infrared astronomy in flight, something which is near on impossible to do from the ground due to the water vapor in the atmosphere. NASA's Ames Research Center at Moffett Field, Calif., manages the SOFIA science and mission operations in cooperation with the Universities Space Research Association in Columbia, Md., and the Deutsches SOFIA Institut in Stuttgart, Germany. The aircraft has been flying since 2010 and is planned to be operational until the early 2030s. Caption: This illustration highlights the Moon’s Clavius Crater with an illustration depicting water trapped in the lunar soil there, along with an image of NASA’s Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) that found sunlit lunar water. SOFIA, when cruising at around 40,000 – 45,0000 feet, flies above this vapor, allowing for crisp, clear images of space as seen in the infrared spectrum. Unlike space telescopes, which go up into orbit, never to return, SOFIA has the added advantage of being back on the ground at the end of every mission. NASA.gov brings you the latest images, videos and news from America's space agency. SOFIA studied Pluto just two weeks before New Horizon’s flyby in July 2015. This means that, over its lifetime, the aircraft can have new and improved upgrades to its on board equipment added, as well as receiving the best of care and maintenance for its engines and avionics. On board SOFIA are the pilots, experts who operate the telescope and, of course, the astronomers who study the stars. By using SOFIA, scientists hope to better understand how stars and planets are formed, how organic materials necessary for life form and evolve in space, and how the black hole at the center of our Milky Way galaxy influences its surroundings.Technology DevelopmentThe German-built telescope assembly seen through the telescope cavity door in the side of NASA's SOFIA 747SP offers a view of both the primary and secondary mirrors, the latter a small black circle in the center supported by three braces. Infrared light from the red supergiant star Antares, emitted more than 550 years ago, was observed by SOFIA using a camera called the Faint Object InfraRed Camera for the SOFIA Telescope, or FORCAST, developed by Cornell University. The modified Boeing 747 flew over the Pacific Ocean and pointed its nearly 9-foot telescope at Pluto during an occultation, an eclipse-like event in which Pluto cast a faint shadow on Earth’s surface as it passed in front of a … Now you can print your own 3D model of SOFIA, the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy. An image of stars forming in the W51 stellar nursery. Without the deployment capabilities of SOFIA, these observations could not have occurred. Applications in ground-based astronomy are also expected. SOFIA, the U.S. space agency’s telescope-equipped jumbo jet, took its first in-flight photos May 26, capturing multicolored infrared images of Jupiter and the galaxy M82. SOFIA's ability to return to Earth after each flight enables frequent opportunities for upgrading and installing new science instruments, permitting ongoing development of new astronomical technology throughout its lifetime.Education and Public Outreach Once validated, the technologies developed will also be useful in future space missions. Sofía es la capital y la ciudad más grande de la República de Bulgaria.Con una población de 1 269 384 habitantes en 2018, se trata de la 14.ª mayor ciudad de la Unión Europea, donde ingresó en enero del 2007, y alrededor de 1.380.406 en su área metropolitana, la Provincia Capital. Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems Journal of Biomedical Optics Journal of Electronic Imaging Journal of Medical Imaging Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS Journal of Nanophotonics Neurophotonics Journal of Photonics for Energy Optical Engineering Ebooks At the start of this year, SOFIA returned us with previously unseen images of what NASA calls a ‘star factory’. Over a blanket of snow covering California's southern Sierra Nevada mountains, NASA's Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) flies with the sliding door over its telescope cavity fully open. Editor -  Joanna has worked in publishing for more than a decade and is fast becoming a go-to source for commercial aviation analysis. From its outside appearance, the NASA Boeing 747 looks very much like any other. This program enabled eight teachers to fly on SOFIA in 2011, with another 26 U.S. educators selected to fly in 2012 and 2013. Meet SOFIA – a jetliner specially fitted with a mega-telescope! It looks out of a large door in the port side of the aircraft near the tail. By flying high above the clouds, SOFIA can always get a good view. But this 747SP is even more special than most. This 2-minute, 57-second NASA animation created in 2007 illustrates the movements of the 2.5-meter telescope and the layout of the cabin on the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA). ( 2011 ) depend on a small enough image size to fit in the slit of the instrument for time efficient measurements and to achieve their scientific goals. The telescope weighs 19 tons (38,000 pounds) and is mounted in the rear fuselage of a highly modified Boeing 747SP aircraft. A telescope in the back of a modified 747 jet has snapped images of the Orion Nebula at a colour of light no other observatory in the world can see. (NASA / Jim Ross) › View Larger Image Be in the know. Further forward, the aircraft houses an education and public outreach area. The plane carries the flags of both the US and Germany on the fuselage, with the insignia of NASA and DLR on the tail. His work led to the development of NASA's Kuiper Airborne Observatory, a modified C-141 aircraft incorporating a 36-inch reflecting telescope that flew from 1974 to 1995. NASA's Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is the world's largest airborne astronomical observatory, complementing NASA's space telescopes as well as major Earth-based telescopes. SOFIA had to fly thousands of miles to catch this very rare event at an otherwise empty spot over the eastern Pacific. The image was taken by the SOFIA (“Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy”) flying telescope. The SOFIA education and outreach program is designed to help enhance science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education in U.S. and German communities. 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